NCERT Solutions

Class 10 English

from the diary of anne frank

Q1)Was Anne right when she said that the world would not be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old girl?

No, Anne was not right when she said that the world would not be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old. Anne's autobiography has been widely hailed by people as an eye-opener of the Hitler era and is one of the most read book in the world.

Q2) There are some examples of diary or journal entries in the ‘Before You Read’ section. Compare these with what Anne writes in her diary. What language was the diary originally written in? In what way is Anne’s diary different?

The diary was written in Dutch language. Anne's diary is different in a way that she considers it a real person and in fact a friend in whom she can confide everything. It was not just a journal for her to jot down facts like other people do.

Q3). Why does Anne need to give a brief sketch about her family? Does she treat ‘Kitty’ as an insider or an outsider?

Anne feels that no one would be able to understand a word of her stories to Kitty if she plunges right in so it would be better if she gives a brief sketch of her life and family beforehand. She treats ‘Kitty' as an insider, a real friend in whom she can confide anything.

Q4)How does Anne feel about her father, her grandmother, Mrs Kuperus and Mr Keesing? What do these tell you about her?

Anne felt that her father was the most adorable father she had ever known. Anne had confided in her diary that no one knew how often she thought of her grandmother even after her death and how much she loved her. In the sixth form at the Montessori nursery school, Anne's teacher was Mrs Kuperus who was also her headmistress. At the time of farewell, they were both in tears as they had grown very fond of each other. Mr Keesing was Anne's Math teacher. He was annoyed with her for talkative nature but Anne gave him witty and impressive arguments for her nature. This impressed Me Keesing greatly. All these incidents show that Anne was a loving and smart child. People were fond of her and she too loved them dearly.

Q5)What does Anne write in her first essay?

In her first essay, titled ‘Chatterbox', Anne wrote that talking is a student’s trait and in her case she can never cure herself totally of the habit as her mother is also very talkative. One can really not cure genetic traits but she would try her best to keep it under control.

Q6) Anne says teachers are most unpredictable. Is Mr Keesing unpredictable? How?

Mr Keesing was definitely an unpredictable teacher as he did not scold or punish Anne for talking even after several warnings and instead gave her an essay to write upon. Not just that, he also reviewed Anne’s essay, read it to the class and was impressed by her witty arguments. One can not expect a teacher to take a joke by a child in such a good spirit as Mr Keesing took Anne’s. Finally, he even allowed her to talk and did not assign her any more extra homework.

Q7)What do these statements tell you about Anne Frank as a person?

  1. We don’t seem to be able to get any closer, and that’s the problem. Maybe it’s my fault that we don’t confide in each other.
  2. I don’t want to jot down the facts in this diary the way most people would, but I want the diary to be my friend.
  3. Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, when I was plunked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot.
  4. If you ask me, there are so many dummies that about a quarter of the class should be kept back, but teachers are the most unpredictable creatures on earth.
  5. Anyone could ramble on and leave big spaces between the words, but the trick was to come up with convincing arguments to prove the necessity of talking.

It shows that Anne had no true friend in whom she could confide everything. She felt that it could be her fault.
Anne did not treat her diary like other people. She actually considered it a friend whom she could narrate all her stories and feelings with trust.

She was born in February and her parents presented her as a gift to her elder sister, Margot. Anne writes this in a playful way. She was a witty girl with a way with words.

Anne felt that half of the students in her class were not mentally advanced to be promoted to the next grade. She could not understand why the teachers would still promote them. She found the teachers unpredictable.

Anne felt that the trick to writing a good essay was to supplement it with winning, convincing arguments. Anyone could write big words and long essays but not everyone could justify their reasoning which is actually more important in an essay.

Thinking about Language

Look at the following words

Match the compound words under ‘A’ with their meanings under ‘B’. Use each in a sentence.

Column-A Column-B
1. Heartbreaking producing great sadness
2. Homesick missing home and family very much
3. Blockhead an informal word which means a very stupid person
4. Law-abiding obeying and respecting the law
5. Overdo do something to an excessive degree
6. Daydream think about pleasant things, forgetting about the present
7. Breakdown an occasion when vehicles/machines stop working
8. Output something produced by a person, machine or organisation

Phrasal Verbs

1. The text you’ve just read has a number of phrasal verbs commonly used in English. Look up the following in a dictionary for their meanings (under the entry for the italicised word).

  • plunge (right) in – to dive straight to the topic while speaking or writing
  • kept back -to not promote someone/ to keep someone indoors
  • ramble on- to go on speaking/writing aimlessly and indefinitely
  • get along with- to be on good terms with someone

2. Now find the sentences in the lesson that have the phrasal verbs given below. Match them with their meanings. (You have already found out the meanings of some of them.) Are their meanings the same as that of their parts? (Note that two parts of a phrasal verb may occur separated in the text.)

Column-A Column-B
Plunge in Go straight to the topic
Kept back not promoted
Move up go to the next grade
Ramble on Speak or write without focus
Get along with have a good relationship with
Calm down make (them) remain quiet
Stay in Stay indoors
Make up for compensate
Hand in give an assignment (homework) to a person in authority (the teacher)

Idioms

1. Here are a few sentences from the text which have idiomatic expressions. Can you say what each means? (You might want to consult a dictionary first.)

  1. Our entire class is quaking in its boots. – To shake with fear and nervousness
  2. Until then, we keep telling each other not to lose heart.- To not lose hope
  3. Mr Keesing was annoyed with me for ages because I talked so much.- Since a long time
  4. Mr Keesing was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I’d make sure the joke was on him. – To turn the tables

2. Here are a few more idiomatic expressions that occur in the text. Try to use them in sentences of your own.

  1. caught my eye – The man's cautious movement caught my eye.
  2. he’d had enough - He had enough of his servant stealing from him so he fired him today.
  3. laugh ourselves silly- Growing up, it is sad that we forget how to laugh ourselves silly.
  4. can’t bring myself to- I can’t bring myself to the fact that India has lost the match.

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’.Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

  1. break somebody’s heart- to cause grief to someone My best friend’s betrayal completely broke my heart.
  2. close/dear to heart- someone/something holding special importance for someone The little girl held her deceased grandfather’s pen very close to her heart.
  3. from the (bottom of your) heart- something said or done very genuinely For your help in my time of crisis, i thank you from the bottom of my heart.
  4. have a heart- the feeling of compassion to help someone in distress The wife pleaded her husband to have a heart and give some money to the beggar.
  5. have a heart of stone- an emotionless person The cruel moneylender imposes huge interest rates on the poor farmers as he has a heart of stone.
  6. your heart goes out to somebody- to sympathize with someone My heart goes out to my house maid who lost her first child to dengue.