NCERT Solutions

Class 10 english

glimpses of india
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Part-1 A Baker from goa

Q1) Which of these statements are correct?

  1. The pader was an important person in the village in old times.
  2. Paders still exist in Goan villages.
  3. The paders went away with the Portuguese.
  4. The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock.
  5. Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days.
  6. Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business.
  7. Paders and their families starve in the present times.

Answers:

  • Correct
  • Correct
  • Incorrect. The papers still exist in the villages of Goa.
  • Incorrect The paders wear shirts, trousers that are shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.
  • Incorrect. Bread and cakes are still an integral part of Goan life.
  • Correct
  • Incorrect. Traditional baking is still a profitable business in Goa.

Q2) Is bread an important part of Goan life? How do you know this?

Answer:

Bread is an important part of Goan life. Marriage gifts are meaningless without the sweet bread known as the bol, . A feast or a party is incomplete and charmless without bread. While cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas, the lady of the house prepares sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement. Everyone in the village loves the fragrance of loaves. The elders are given loaves and the children are given bread-bangles. As bakery is a profitable profession in Goa, it shows that the love for bread is enormous.

Q3) 3. Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following?

  1. (i) The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
  2. (ii) Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
  3. (iii) I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves. (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty)
  4. (iv) The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny)
  5. (v) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. (sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact)
  6. (vi) The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous. (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad)

Answer:

  • Nostalgic
  • Nostalgic
  • Nostalgic
  • Funny
  • Matter-of-fact
  • Matter-of-fact

Part-2 A Coorg

  1. Where is Coorg?
  2. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?
  3. What are some of the things you now know about
    1. the people of Coorg?
    2. the main crop of Coorg?
    3. the sports it offers to tourists?
    4. the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?
    5. ts distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?
  4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)
    1. During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)
    2. Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)
    3. The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)
    4. Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)
    5. The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)
    6. Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy. (para 7)

Answers:

  1. Coorg, or Kodagu, the smallest district of Karnataka is situated between Mysore and the coastal town of Manglore.
  2. It is said that the self-independent natives of Kodagu, or Coorg, are of the Greek or Arabic descent. The story goes back to the time when Alexander’s army was moving South along the coast. When return became nearly impossible, they settled then and there, marrying among the locals and giving rise to a new culture that is distinctively different in its religious, marital traditions and other rites than the Hindu culture.

    1. The people of Coorg are fiercely independent. They are of Greek or Arabic descent. They have a tradition of hospitality. They enjoy recounting tales of valour related to their sons and fathers. Kodavus are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without license.
    2. Coffee is the main crop of Coorg. The coffee estates stand tucked under tree canopies in prime corners.
    3. The sports that Coorg offers to tourists are river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing,mountain biking and trekking.
    4. The animals that one is likely to see in Coorg are birds, bees, butterflies, macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs, loris and wild elephants.
    5. There are two routes to Coorg from Bangalore of almost the same distance (around 250-260 km). The route via Mysore is the most frequented one. The other route is via Neelamangal, Kunigal, Chanrayanapatna.

    1. Keep many visitors away
    2. As one story goes
    3. Are more than willing to recount
    4. The most laid back individuals become converts to
    5. Draws support from
    6. Keep a watchful eye

Thinking about language

1.Here are some nouns from the text.

Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.

  1. culture: unique culture, ancient culture
  2. monks: serious monks, ancient monks
  3. surprise: unique surprise, terrible surprise, unforgettable surprise
  4. experience: unique experience, terrible experience, unforgettable experience, sudden experience
  5. weather: terrible weather
  6. tradition: unique tradition, ancient tradition

2. Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?

  1. tales of valour
  2. coastal town
  3. a piece of heaven
  4. evergreen rainforests
  5. coffee plantations
  6. rope bridge
  7. wild elephants

Other than text
  1. tales of bravery
  2. coastal area
  3. a piece of advice
  4. evergreen conditions
  5. crop plantations
  6. sturdy bridge
  7. wild animals

Part III- Tea from Assam

Thinking about language

1. Look at these words: upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in). Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary

Answer:

  1. A heavy downpour has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
  2. Rakesh will undergo major surgery tomorrow morning.
  3. My brother is responsible for the upkeep of our family property.
  4. The dropout rate for this accountancy course is very high.
  5. She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a walk-in interview.

2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate. over by through out up down

Answer:

  1. The Army attempted unsuccessfully to overthrow the Government. (throw)
  2. Scientists are on the brink of a major breakthrough in cancer research. (break)
  3. The State Government plans to build a by-pass for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)
  4. Gautama’s outlook on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
  5. Rakesh seemed unusually downcast after the game. (cast)

II. 1. Think of suitable -ing or -ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above. How would you describe

Answer:

  1. (i) a good detective serial on television? Interesting
  2. a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’?
  3. how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain? Bored
  4. how you feel when you open a present? Excited
  5. how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television? Interested
  6. the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue? Tired
  7. how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest? Thrilled
  8. the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen? Boring