NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances

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Updated at 2021-02-11


NCERT solutions for class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances Exercise

Q.1 Why do we need to separate different components of a mixture? Give two examples.



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

When two or more substance mix together we call it a mixture. Some time different component of mixture are not useful or may even harmful so we need to separate different components of a mixture.
Example: (a) Stone pieces from wheat, rice or pulses are picked out by hand.
(b) sand mixed in water are separated by sedimentation.

Q.2 What is winnowing? Where is it used?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

Winnowing is used to separate heavier and lighter components of mixture by wind or by blowing air. This method is used to separate grains from husk.

Q.3 How will you separate husk or dirt particles from a given sample of pulses before cooking?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

Separate husk or dust particles from pulses before cooking by hand picking or winnowing.

Q.4 What is sieving? Where is it used?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

sieving is a process in which fine particles are sieved through holes of the sieve while the bigger impurities remain on the sieve.
It is used to move husk from wheat

Q.5 How will you separate sand and water from their mixture?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

we will separate sand and water from their mixture by the process of sedimentation.

Q.6 Is it possible to separate sugar mixed with wheat flour? If yes, how will you do it?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

Yes it is possible to separate sugar mixed with wheat flour by sieving method.

Q.7 How would you obtain clear water from a sample of muddy water?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

We obtain clear water from a sample of muddy water by sedimentation or decantation method.
i) Allow muddy water to stand
ii) Mud gets settled down in the water
ii) Slowly pour water to another container

Q.8 Fill up the blanks.
(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called ___________.
(b) When milk, cooled after boiling, is poured onto a piece of cloth the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of ___________.
(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of ___________.
(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off from the top. The process of separation used in this example is called ___________.



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called threshing.
(b) When milk cooled after boiling is poured onto a piece of cloth, the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of filtration.
(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of evaporation.
(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off from the top. The process of separation used in this example is called decantation.

Q.9 True or false? (a) A mixture of milk and water can be separated by filtration.
(b) A mixture of powdered salt and sugar can be separated by the process of winnowing.
(c) Separation of sugar from tea can be done with filtration.
(d) Grain and husk can be separated with the process of decantation.



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

a) False
b) False
c) False
d) False

Q.10 Lemonade is prepared by mixing lemon juice and sugar in water. You wish to add ice to cool it. Should you add ice to the lemonade before or after dissolving sugar? In which case would it be possible to dissolve more sugar?



NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 5 Separation Of Substances


Answer :

We should add ice after dissolving the sugar. it will be possible to add more sugar before adding ice.



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