# NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Written by Team Trustudies
Updated at 2021-02-11

## NCERT solutions for class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil Exercise

Tick the most suitable answer in question 1 and 2.
Q.1 In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains
(i) Air and water
(ii) Water and plants
(iii) Minerals, organic matter, air and water
(iv) Water, air and plants

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

(iii) Minerals, organic matter, air and water

Q.2 The water holding capacity is the highest in
(i) sandy soil
(ii) clayey soil
(iii) loamy soil
(iv) mixture of sand and loam

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

(ii) clayey soil

Q.2 The water holding capacity is the highest in
(i) sandy soil
(ii) clayey soil
(iii) loamy soil
(iv) mixture of sand and loam

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

(ii) clayey soil

Q.3 Match the items in Column I with those in Column II:
Column I
(i) A home for living organisms
(ii) Upper layer of the soil
(iii) Sandy soil
(iv) Middle layer of the soil
(v) Clayey soil
Column II
(a) Large particles
(b) All kinds of soil
(c) Dark in colour
(d) Small particles and packed tight
(e) Lesser amount of humus

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Column I. Column II
(i) A home for living organisms $?$(b) All kinds of soil
(ii) Upper layer of the soil $?$(c) Dark in colour
(iii) Sandy soil $?$(a) Large particles
(iv) Middle layer of the soil$?$ (e) Lesser
amount of humus (v) Clayey soil$?$(d) Small particles and
packed tight

Q.4 Explain how soil is formed.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Soil is formed through the process of weathering. Weathering is a process of physical breakdown and chemical decomposition of rocks and minerals near or at the surface of the earth. This physical and chemical decomposition is primarily done by wind, water, and climate. As a result of these processes, large rock pieces are converted into smaller pieces and eventually to soil.

Q.5 How is clayey soil useful for crops?

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Due to the very small size of the particles of clayey soil, particles are packed tightly and therefore can retain water. Clayey soil is also rich in organic matter. For growing crops such as wheat, gram, and paddy, the soil that is good at retaining water and rich in organic matter is suitable. Therefore, clayey soils having these characteristics are useful for such kind of crops.

Q.6 List the differences between clayey soil and sandy soil.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

##### Clayey soil :
(I) particles are tightly packed.
(ii) It has much smaller particles.
(iii) Very little air is trapped between the particles
(iv) Rich in humus and organic substance.
(v) Good for growing various crops.
##### Sandy soil
(I) particles are loosely packed.
(ii) it has larger particle than clayey soil. (iii) More air is trapped between the particles.
(iv) Not rich in humus and organic nutrients.
(v) Not suitable for growing crops.

Q.7 Sketch the cross-section of soil and label the various layers.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Q.8 Razia conducted an experiment in the field related to the rate of percolation. She observed that it took 40 min for 200 mL of water to percolate through the soil sample. Calculate the rate of percolation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Amount of water = 200 ml
Percolation time = 40 minutes
$?$ Percolation rate =$\frac{amountofwater}{percolationtime}$
= $\frac{200ml}{40min}$ = 5 ml/min

Q.9 Explain how soil pollution and soil erosion could be prevented.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

Prevention of soil pollution:
The persistent build-up of toxic compounds in the soil is defined as soil pollution. To prevent soil pollution, its causes must be controlled.
(i) Plastics and polythene bags destroy the fertility of the soil. Hence, they should be disposed properly and if possible, their use should be avoided.
(ii) Some waste products from industries and homes pollute the soil. These pollutants should be treated chemically to make them harmless before they are disposed of.
(iii) Other pollutants of soil include pesticides and insecticides. Therefore, the excessive use of these substances should be avoided.
Prevention of soil erosion:
Removal of the upper fertile layer of the soil (top soil) by strong wind and flowing water is known as soil erosion.
(I) Planting more and more trees will result in the reduction of soil erosion.
(ii) By stopping deforestation and avoiding overgrazing of animals.

Q.10 Solve the following crossword puzzle with the clues given:

##### Across
2. Plantation prevents it.
5. Use should be banned to avoid soil pollution.
6. Type of soil used for making pottery.
7. Living organism in the soil.
##### Down
1. In desert soil erosion occurs through.
3. Clay and loam are suitable for cereals like.
4. This type of soil can hold very little water.
5. Collective name for layers of soil.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil

2. Erosion
5. Polythene
6. Clay
7. Earthworm
1. Wind
3. Wheat
4. Sandy
5. Profile

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