NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals

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Written by Team Trustudies
Updated at 2021-05-07


NCERT solutions for class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Exercise 3.1

1. Given here are some figures :


Classify each of them on the basis of the following :

(a) Simple curve

(b) Simple closed curve

(c) Polygon

(d) Convex polygon

(e) Concave polygon



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

The classification of the given figures is as under :
(a) (1), (2), (5), (6), (7) and (8) are Simple curves.

(b) (1), (2), (5), (6) and (7) are Simple closed curves.

(c)(1) and (2) are Polygon.

(d)(2) is Convex polygon.

(e) (1) and (4) are Concave polygons.

2.How many diagonals does each of the following have?
(a) A convex quadrilateral

(b) A regular hexagon

(c) A triangle.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(a)


A convex quadrilateral has two diagonals.

(b)


A regular hexagon has nine diagonals.

(c)


A triangle does not have any diagonal.

3.What is the sum of the measures of the angles of a convex quadrilateral? Will this property hold if the quadrilateral is not convex? (Make a non-convex quadrilateral and j try!)



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

The sum of measures of the angles of a convex quadrilateral is \360? because it is made up of two triangles and the sum of internal angle of convex quadrilateral is equal to the sum of interior angles of two triangles i.e, \360?.Yes, this property holds in case if the quadrilateral is not convex.

4. Examine the table. (Each figure is divided into triangles and the sum of the angles deduced from that.)


What can you say about the angle sum of a convex polygon with number of sides?

(a) 7

(b) 8

(c) 10

(d) n



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

From the given table, dearly we observe that the sum of angles (interior angles) of a polygon with n sides = (n2)×180?.
(a) n = 7

Sum of angle =(7?2)×180?

=5×180?=900?

?The sum of angle for 7 sided polygon=900o

(b) n = 8

Sum of angles =(8?2)×180? =6×180?=1080?

? The sum of the angles of a polygon of 8 sides=1080o

(c) n = 10

Angle sum = (10?2)×180?

=8×180?=1440?

? The sum of the angles of a polygon of 10 sides=1440o

(d) We can observe from the given table that the number of triangles is two less them the number of sides in the polygon.

? If the polygon has n sides, the number of triangles formed will be (n – 2).

Also we know that the sum of angles of a triangle = 180?

? The sum of angles of a polygon of n sides =(n2)×180?

5.What is a regular polygon? State the name of a regular polygon of
(i) 3 slides

(ii) 4 slides

(iii) 6 slides



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

A polygon is said to be a regular polygon, if all its sides and interior angles and exterior angles are equal.
The regular polygon of:

(i)3 sides= equilateral triangle.

(ii)4 sides= square.

(iii)6 sides = regular hexagon
.

6.Find the angle measure x in the following figures.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(a) As we know the sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360?.
? x+120?+130?+50?=360?

?x+300?=360?

?x=360??300?=60?

(b) As we know the sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360?.
? x+70?+60?+90?=360?

?x+220?=360?

?x=360??220?=140?

(c) As we see the given figure with 5 sides, so the sum of interior angles of this polygon is =(n?2)×180?=3×180?=540?



So in the figure we have ,

m?1+60?=180?[Angle of straight line is 180?]

?m?1=180??60?=120?

and also, m?2+70?=180?[Angle of straight line is 180?]

?m?2=180??70?=110?

Therefore, the sum of internal angles:

m?1+m?1+x+30?+x=540?

?120?+110?+2x+30?=540?

?2x+260?=540?

?2x=540??260?=280?

?x=280?2=140?

(d) As we see the given figure with 5 sides, so the sum of interior angles of this polygon is =(n?2)×180?=3×180?=540?

Therefore, the sum of internal angles:

x+x+x+x+x=540?

?5x=540?

?x=280?5=108?

7. (a) Find x + y + z
(b) Find x + y + z + w



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(a)We know that the sum of interior angles of a triangle is 180?.
So, we have m?1+30?+90?=180?
?m?1+120?=180?

?m?1=180??120?=60?

So we have,x+90?=180?[Linear pair]

?x=180??90?=90?

Similarly, y+m?1=180?[Linear pair]

?y=180??60?=120?

And also, z+30?=180?[Linear pair]

?z=180??30?=150?

So, x+y+z=90?+120?+150?=360?

(b)We know that the sum of interior angles of a quadrilateral is \(360^{\circ\}\).

Therefore m?1+120?+80?+60?=360?
?m?1+260?=360?

?m?1=360??260?=100?

So we have,x+120?=180?[Linear pair]

?x=180??120?=60?

Similarly, w+m?1=180?[Linear pair]

?w=180??100?=80?

And also, z+60?=180?[Linear pair]

?z=180??60?=120?

And also, y+80?=180?[Linear pair]

?z=180??80?=100?

So, x+y+z+w=60?+80?+120?+100?=360?

NCERT solutions for class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Exercise 3.2

1.Find x in the following figures.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

As we know that the sum of the exterior angles formed by producing the sides of a convex polygon in the same order is equal to 360°. Therefore here we have,
(a)x+125?+125?=360?

?x+250?=360?

?x=360?250°=110?

?x=110?

(b) x+90?+60?+90?+70?=360?

?x+310?=360?

?x=360?310?=50?

?x=50?

2.Find the measure of each exterior angle of a regular polygon of
(i) 9 sides

(ii) 15 sides



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(i) We know that the measure of each exterior angle of a regular polygon = 360?n
So, the measure of each exterior angle of 9 sided regular polygon =3609=40?

(ii) Similarly,the measure of each exterior angle of a regular polygon = 360?n

So, the measure of each angle of 15 sided regular polygon =36015=24?

3.How many sides does a regular polygon have if the measure of an exterior angle is 24??



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

We know that sum of all exterior angles of a regular polygon = 360?
So we have,Number of sides=360?measureofanangle
Hence, the number of sides of the regular polygon is= 15

4.How many sides does a regular polygon have if each of its interior angles is 165??



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

Let the number of sides of a regular polygon be n.
We have, Sum of all interior angles = (n2)×180?

and, measure of its each angle=(n?2)×180?n

here we have each angle as 165?

?(n?2)×180?n=165

?180n?360=165n[Cross multiplication and opening the brackets]

?180n?165n=360

?15n=360

?n=36015=24

So, we have the number of sides of regular polygon as 24.

5.(a) Is it possible to have a regular polygon with measure of each exterior angle a is 22??
(b) Can it be an interior angle of a regular polygon? Why?



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(a) We have, Number of sides of regular polygon=360?Exteriorangle

As we know number of sides by the formula should be an integer so, it is not possible that a regular polygon have its exterior angle of 22? because 22? is not divisible by 360? hence, we can't get a whole number for calculating the number of side.

(b) If interior angle =22?

And we have: measure of each interior angle=(n?2)×180on

?180n?2×180=22n

?180n?22n=360

?158n=360

?n=360158

But 158 does not divide 360 exactly.So, the polygon is not possible.

6.(a) What is the minimum interior angle possible for a regular polygon? Why?
(b) What is the maximum exterior angle possible for a regular polygon?



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(a) A regular polygon of 3 sides i.e, equilateral triangle has the least measure of an interior angle= 60?.
(b) Since the minimum interior angle of a regular polygon is equal to 60°, therefore, the maximum exterior angle possible for a regular polygon = 180?60?=120?

NCERT solutions for class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Exercise 3.3

1.Given a parallelogram ABCD. Complete each statement along with the definition or property used.
(i) AD = …………

(ii) ?DCB = ………

(iii) OC = ………

(iv) m?DAB + m?CDA = ……..





NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(i) AD = BC as the opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal.
(ii)?DCB = ?DAB as the opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal.

(iii) OC = OA as the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

(iv) m?DAB + m?CDA = 180? as the adjacent angles of a parallelogram are supplementary.

2.Consider the following parallelograms. Find the values of the unknowns x, y, z.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(i)Here, ABCD is a parallelogram.


?B=?D [Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal]

?D=100?

?y=100?

?A+?B=180? [Adjacent angles of a parallelogram are supplementary]

?z+100?=180?

?z=180?100?=80?

?A=?C [Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal]

x=80?

Hence,x=80?,y=100?andz=80?

(ii)We have PQRS as a parallelogram.



?P+?S=180? [Adjacent angles of parallelogram]

?x+50?=180?

?x=180?50?=130?

Now,?P=?R[Opposite angles are equal]

?x=y

?y=130?

Also,y=z [Alternate angles]

?z=130?

Hence,x=130?,y=130?andz=130?

(iii) Here we have, ABCD as a rhombus because diagonals intersect at 90?



So,x=90?

So,now in ?OCB we have,

x+y+30?=180? [Angle sum property]

?90?+y+30?=180?

?y+120?=180?

?y=180?120?=60?

y=z[Alternate angles]

?z=60?

Hence,x=90?,y=60?andz=60?

(iv) ABCD is a parallelogram



?A + ?B = 180^{\circ} (Adjacent angles of a parallelogram are supplementary)

?x+80?=180?

?x=180?80?=100?

Now,?D=?B [Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal]

?y=80?

Also,z=?B=80? (Alternate angles)

So,x=100?,y=80?andz=80?

(v) In this case we have ABCD as a parallelogram.



?D=?B[Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal]

y=112?

x+y+40?=180? [Angle sum property]

?x+112?+40?=180?

?x+152?=180?

?x=180?152?=28?

z=x=28?[Alternate angles]

Sowehave,x=28?,y=112?,z=28?.

3.Can a quadrilateral ABCD be a parallelogram if
(i) ?D+?B=180??

(ii) AB = DC = 8 cm, AD = 4 cm and BC = 4.4 cm?

(iii)?A=70?and?C=65??



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(i) For ?D + ?B = 180?, quadrilateral ABCD may be a parallelogram if the sum of measures of adjacent angles is 180? and also the opposite angles should be of same measures. So here, ABCD can be but need not be a parallelogram.

(ii) Given: AB = DC = 8 cm, AD = 4 cm, BC = 4.4 cm

In general the opposite sides od a parallelogram is equal.

But here, AD?BC

Thus, ABCD cannot be a parallelogram.

(iii) ?A=70?and?C=65?

Since ?A??C[Opposite angles of quadrilateral are not equal.]

Hence, ABCD is not a parallelogram.

4.Draw a rough figure of a quadrilateral that is not a parallelogram but has exactly two opposite angles of equal measure.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

In taking a kite as reference we have exactly two opposite angles of equal measure but not a parallelogram.

5.The measures of two adjacent angles of a parallelogram are in the ratio 3 : 2. Find the measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

As per the given conditions, let ABCD be parallelogram such that
m?B : m?C = 3 : 2



So,let m?B = 3x? and m?C = 2x?

m?B + m?C = 180? [Sum of adjacent angles = 180?]

?3x+2x=180?

?5x=180?

?x=36?

Thus,?B=3×36=108?

?C=2×36? = 72?

?B=?D=108?

and ?A=?C=72?

Hence, the angles of the parallelogram are 108?, 72?, 108? and 72?.

6.Two adjacent angles of a parallelogram have equal measure. Find the measure of each of the angles of the parallelogram.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

Let ABCD be a parallelogram in which we have, ?A = ?B

We know ?A+?B=180? [Sum of adjacent angles = 180?]

?A+?A=180?

?2?A=180?

??A=90?

Thus, ?A=?C=90?and?B=?D=90? [Opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal]

7.The adjacent figure HOPE is a parallelogram. Find the angle measures x, y and z. State the properties you use to find them.



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

We have, ?y=40? (Alternate angles)

?z+40°?=70? (Exterior angle property)

??z=70?40?=30?

z=?EPH[Alternate angle]

In ?EPH, ?x+40?+?z=180? [Adjacent angles]

??x+40?+30?=180?

??x+70?=180?

??x=180?70?=110?

Hence we have,x=110?,y=40?andz=30?.

8.The following figures GUNS and RUNS are parallelograms. Find x and y. (Lengths are in cm)



NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals


Answer :

(i)Opposite sides of a parallelogram is equal so we have,
GU=SN