Give reasons :

  • (a) Platinum, gold and silver are used to make jewellery.
  • (b) Sodium, potassium and lithium are stored under oil.
  • (c) Aluminium is a highly reactive metal, yet it is used to make utensils for cooking.
  • (d)Carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides during the process of extraction.


Answer :

  • (a) Platinum, gold and silver are used to make jewellery because these are low reactive metals so rarely corrosion occur (In silver) and hence do not lost their shine and lustre.
  • (b)Sodium, potassium, and lithium are very reactive metals and react very vigorously with air as well as water.Therefore, they are kept immersed in kerosene oil in order to prevent their contact with air and moisture.
  • (c) Though aluminium is a highly reactive metal, it is resistant to corrosion. This is because aluminium reacts with oxygen present in air to form a thin layer of aluminium oxide. This oxide layer is very stable and prevents further reaction of aluminium with oxygen. Also, it is light in weight and a good conductor of heat. Hence, it is used to make cooking utensils.
  • (d) Carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides during the process of extraction because metals can be easily extracted from their oxides rather than from their carbonates and sulphides.
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