3. If 24x is a multiple of 3, where x is a digit, what is the value of x?


Answer :

We are given that 24 x is a multiple of 3. So, the sum of its digits 2 + 4 + x = (6 + x) should be a multiple of 3.
Therefore, (6 + x) is one of the numbers 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18…so on but as per given x can only be a digit. Therefore, (6 + x) must be equal to 6 or 9 or 12 or 15.

i.e., 6 + x = 6 or 9 or 12 or 15

\(\Rightarrow\) x = 0 or 3 or 6 or 9

Thus, x can have any of the four different values, namely, 0,3,6 or 9.

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