Flow chart of sugarcane crop production:
1. PREPARATION OF SOIL:
It helps to loosen the soil which allows the roots to penetrate deep into it. The loosening of the soil supports the growth of several soil microbes, earthworms which enrich the soil with humus and other essential nutrients.
2. PLOUGHING THE FIELD:
The prime purpose of ploughing is to turn over the uppermost soil, thus bringing fresh nutrients to the surface, while burying weeds and crop remains to decay.
The seeds are sown at the correct depth and correct interval. It gets covered by soil so that these seeds cannot be picked up and eaten by the birds. The seeds sown with a seed drill are in regular rows.
Manure is an organic matter that is used as organic fertilizer in agriculture. Most manure consists of animal excreta and other sources include compost and green manure.
Irrigation is the artificial process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to assist in production of crops. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall.
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.
7. SENDING CROPS TO SUGAR FACTORY:
The crops are well stored and are transported to the factory.