Construction of a kaleidoscope:
Three rectangular mirror strips of dimensions 15cm x 4cm (l x b) are joined together to form a prism (fig a). This prism is fixed into a circular cardboard tube. The circular cardboard tube should be slightly longer that the prism (fig b). This circular tube is now closed at one end with a cardboard disc. This disc has a hole in it through which we can see (fig c) .At the other end of the circular tube, a plane glass plate is fixed. It is important that this glass plate touches the prism mirrors. On this glass plate, several small and broken pieces of coloured glass are placed. This end is now closed by a round glass plate allowing enough space for the coloured glass pieces to move (fig d).