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Q.5 Write the smallest digit and the greatest digit in the blank space of each of the following numbers so that the number formed is divisible by 3:
(a) __ 6724
(b) 4765 __ 2
Answer :

(a) ___ 6724
Sum of the digits = 4 + 2 + 7 + 6 = 19
The smallest digit to be placed is blank space = 2
Then the sum = 19 + 2 = 21 which is divisible by 3.
The greatest digit to be placed in blank space = 8
Then, the sum = 19 + 8 = 27 which is divisible by 3
Hence, the required digits are 2 and 8.
(b) 4765 ____ 2.
Sum of digits = 2 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 4 = 24
The smallest digits to be place in blank space = 0
Then, sum = 24 + 0 = 24
which is divisible by 3.
The greatest digit to be placed in blank space = 9.
Then, the sum = 24 + 9 = 33 which is divisible by 3.
Hence, the required digits are 0 and 9.

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