Look at the activities listed below. Reason out whether or not work is done in the light of your understanding of the term ‘work’.

(a) Suma is swimming in a pond.

(b)A donkey is carrying a load on its back.

(c) A wind-mill is lifting water from a well.

(d) A green plant is carrying out photosynthesis.

(e) An engine is pulling a train.

(f) Food grains are getting dried in the sun.

(g) A sailboat is moving due to wind energy.

Answer :

Work is finished whenever the given 2 conditions are satisfied:

(i) A force acts on the body.

(ii) There’s a displacement of the body by the applying of force in or opposite to the direction of force.

(a) Whereas swimming, Suma applies a force to push the water backwards. Therefore, Suma swims within the forward direction caused by the forward reaction of water. Here, the force causes a displacement. Hence, work is finished by Seema whereas swimming.

(b) Whereas carrying a load, the donkey should apply a force within the upward direction. But, displacement of the load is within the forward direction. Since, displacement is perpendicular to force, the work done is zero.

(c) A wind mill works against the gravity to elevate water. Hence, work is finished by the wind mill in lifting water from the well.

(d) During this case, there’s no displacement of the leaves of the plant. Therefore, the work done is zero.

(e) An engine applies force to tug the train. This permits the train to maneuver within the direction of force. Therefore, there’s a displacement within the train in the same direction. Hence, work is finished by the engine on the train.

(f) Food grains don’t move within the presence of alternative energy. Hence, the work done is zero during the method of food grains obtaining dried within the Sun.

(g)Wind energy applies a force on the sailing ship to push it within the forward direction. Therefore, there is a displacement within the boat in the direction of force. Hence, work is finished by wind on the boat.

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