In each of the following a force, F is acting on an object of mass, m. The direction of displacement is from west to east shown by the longer arrow. Observe the diagrams carefully and state whether the work done by the force is negative, positive or zero.


Answer :

Case I

In this case, the direction of force functioning on the block is perpendicular to the displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block are going to be zero.

Case II

In this case, the direction of force functioning on the block is within the direction of displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block are going to be positive.

Case III

In this case, the direction of force on the block is contrary to the direction of displacement. Therefore, work done by force on the block are going to be negative.

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